Social Development

Scitech & Education  

   Science and Technology 

    Jilin Province is with strong scientific and technological strength. Since the found of PRC, the scientific research organization of Jilin Province had done the research and development of China's first synthetic rubber, the first microscope, the first optical glass, the first ruby laser, the first domestic vehicle and sedan, named "Dong Feng" and "Red Flag", the first generation of railway passenger cars and subway electric buses, the first full separation of rare earth elements, the first high-definition nuclear magnetic spectrometer, the first color laser TV and so on. Jilin Province has a strong scientific and technological competitiveness in the development of automobile and rail passenger cars, optics, applied chemistry, solid state physics, electronics and information technology, biological medicine technology, new materials, scientific instruments, modern agriculture, and modern Chinese medicine, some of which are in the frontier of world. It successively obtained a large number of major projects of science and technology research achievements of human insulin, soybean hybrids, hybrid cars, high-speed rail passenger cars, laser components, new material of polyether- ether-ketone and so on.

    There are 22 academicians in Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering in Jilin. It has built 12 national key laboratories, 3 provincial (Jilin province and the Ministry of Science and Technology) key laboratories, 59 provincial key laboratories, 118 provincial science and technology innovation centers (including engineering technology research center). There are national key scientific research institutions, such as the CAS Changchun Optical Physics Institute, Changchun Applied Chemistry Institute. The level of comprehensive technological advancement in Jilin province ranks the 16th in China.

    In 2014, there are 11,933 domestic patent applications of the province, among which 6696 are granted, respectively increase by 11.0% and 8.0% over the previous year. Among them, the invention patent applications are 5288, an increase by 35.1%; invention patents are 1434, a decrease by 9.2%. There are 696 registered provincial technological achievements in 2014(from Nov.1st, 2013 to Oct 31st, 2014). There are 8 scientific researches  that won national science and technology reward; 19 items that won the first prize of provincial science and technology progress; 84 items that got the second prize of provincial science and technology progress; 118 items that got the third prize provincial science and technology progress; 4 items that was awarded the first prize of provincial science and technology invention; 6 items that was awarded the second prize of provincial science and technology invention; 14 items that was awarded the second prize of provincial science and technology invention; 2891 technological contracts were signed throughout the year; turn volume of 2.82 billion yuan was achieved.

    At the end of 2014, there are 823 product quality inspection institutions in the province. Among them, there are 14 national testing centers. There is one certification. 4041 enterprises pass the voluntary certification, and 5848 certificates are issued. There are 114 statutory measurement technology institutes, 2.3257 million sets of compulsory verification measuring instruments, which increase by 14.29%. 591 famous brand products are in effect and 34 quality prizes in Jilin Province. There are 102 geographical advanced enterprises. A total 30 kinds of and 625 batches of industrial products are supervised and spot checked, which qualified rate of product quality amounts to 96.0%.

    In 2014, warning signals of meteorological disasters were released for 2903 times by the meteorological department the cumulative, SMS warning signals were covered by 19.78 million people. There were aircraft artificial precipitation enhancements for 77 times throughout the year, cross-regional enhancement operations for 22 times, ground artificial precipitations for 104 times, which increased water of 3 billion cubic meters. The artificial hail proof work for 1185 times, protected farmland of 28000 square kilometers from hail damage. By the end of 2014, there are 37 seismic stations which contain 14 volcano observatories. 13 earthquake precursor observation wells are in Jilin province.

Education 

    Jilin boasts of its education advantage with a large assembly of higher education institutions and talents. Now, Jilin has 58 higher education institutions and 600,000 full-time students. The gross enrollment rate of higher education is 48%, which is 10% higher than that of national average. The number of higher education institutions that per million people own is about 2.08, ranking ninth in China. The number of students in higher education institutions per 10,000 people is 280, ranking seventh in China. The number of undergraduates is 75.4% of that of students in universities and vocational colleges, ranking second in China. The number of graduates is 8.91% of that of whole students in higher education, ranking fourth in China. The number of doctors is 16.53% of that of undergraduates, ranking ninth in China.

    Jilin University is one of the national key universities given priority in construction of both the “ 985 Project ” and the “ 211 Project”. Northeast Normal University and Yanbian University are two of the national key universities given priority in construction of the “ 211 Project”. Changchun University of Science and technology, Yanbian University, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine and Northeast Dianli University are five of the Midwest Chinese universities in basic ability construction of the “ 2011 Project”. The Primary School Attached to Northeast Normal University and the Middle School Attached to Northeast Normal University are two of the national famous primary and middle schools.

    By the end of 2014, Jilin had 4,806 primary schools with an enrollment of 190,000 students and the number of primary school students was 1,269,000, 1,195 junior high schools with an enrollment of 209,000 students and 623,000 on campus, 240 senior high schools with an enrollment of 132,000 students and 416,000 on campus, 329 secondary vocational schools (institutions) with an enrollment of 44,000 students and the numbers of secondary vocational school students and graduates were 150,000 and 77,000, and 45,000 of the graduates had obtained vocational technical certificate. In addition, Jilin had 2,549 personnel technical training schools (institution) and 462,000 registered students. There were 6,266 pre-school education institutions and 4,039 independent kindergartens with an enrollment of 245,000 children. The number of children in kindergarten ( class) was 462,000. There were 47 special schools with 5,403 students.

     By the end of 2014, there were 21 postgraduate cultivation institutions in the whole province, with 19,000 graduates newly enrolled and 58,000 on campus. There were 58 institutions of higher education, in which 37 were universities and colleges (including 6 independent colleges run by institutions of higher learning) and 21 were associate colleges (vocational colleges). There were 174,000 university and college students enrolled in the whole year and 618,000 on campus, with 19,000 more than the number by the end of the previous year. There were 96,000 students enrolled in adult colleges and 196,000 on campus.

    By the end of 2014, the number of voluntary schools of various levels and types reached 3406 with 56,700 students on campus. Among those schools, there were 16 institutions of higher education (including independent colleges) with 138,000 students on campus, 23 senior high schools with 30,000 students, 75 secondary vocational schools with 14,000 students, 37 junior high schools with 72,000 students, 21 primary schools with 54,000 pupils and 3234 kindergartens with 259,000 children. Besides, there were 1063 other education and training institutions that are non-academic with 137,000 students registered.

For ethnic minorities, there were 89 kindergartens set up independently for 19,000 children of ethnic minorities to receive preschool education. There were also 84 primary schools with 78,000 pupils on campus, 55 junior high schools with 45,000 students on campus and 23 senior high schools with 38,000 students on campus. There were 8000 students of ethnic minorities on campus in secondary vocational education, and 103,000 students of ethnic minorities in higher education.

Culture & Sports  

  Culture 

    The culture in Jilin Province is prosperous. Represented by Changbai Mountain and black soil culture, Jilin regional culture has a long history and is unique, demonstrating a unique characteristic of Northeast China.

Jilin Province is known as “home of Errenzhuan(couple dance opera)in China”, “home of folk cultural art in China”, “home of modern folk painting in China”, “home of morinkhuur in China” , “home of lute in China”, “home of Songhua inkstone in China” and “home of shaman culture in China”, etc. “The revitalization project of Jilin drama” is launched.

   Changchun Film Studio is the cradle of Chinese films. Since the foundation of the PRC, Changchun Film Studio has produced many excellent classical films and has provided numerous business backbones to film studios and television companies and has cultivated many famous film artists. Excellent story films like The White-Haired Girl, Dong Cunri, Heroic Sons and Daughters, Battle on Shangganling Mountain, Daughters of the Party, Visitors on the Icy Mountain, Five Golden Flowers, and Men of a Certain Age, Grand Founding Ceremony are all very impressive and have a profound influence.

    In recent years, Changchun Film Studio has accelerated reform and innovation, and the film industry has a comprehensive revitalization and development. Now it has established unique film industry ecosystem and commercial mode and built a multiple industry pattern integrated with film tourism, film and television processing, film and television trade and film and television media and dominated by film making. China Changchun Film Festival has become an important platform for enriching the production of Chinese film and television works, carrying forward ethnic culture and facilitating Sino-foreign cultural exchanges.

    In the new period, the cultural industry of Jilin Province with its outstanding advantages and satisfactory achievement has developed rapidly and enjoyed a good reputation in China. Culture brands with strong local characteristics like “Jilin Song and Dance”,” Jilin TV Dramas” , Jilin “Errenzhuan” ,“Jilin Cartoons”, “Jilin Books” and “Jilin Publication Phenomenon”, etc. quickly become popular throughout the country. National rural film production base and fund are set up in Changchun Film Studio. The literary and artistic works are fruitful in Jilin Province. Excellent works emerge unceasingly and works among them had won National Five-One Project Award, etc. The first private culture enterprise in Jilin Province--Northeast “Errenzhuan” Troupe is named as “National Cultural Industry Demonstration Base” by the Ministry of Culture.

   The reform of the State-owned troupes in the whole province has fulfilled comprehensively and the construction of cultural industry enterprises begins to take shape. Jishi Media is successfully listed. In recent years, the growth of cultural industry added value has been remained about 20%, which exceeds the GDP growth in Jilin Province. The cultural industry bursts out unprecedented vigor and vitality and is becoming a new economic growth point.

    By the end of 2014, Jilin province has 78 cultural centers (including mass cultural centers), 40 art performance troupes, 66 public libraries, 77 museums, and 9,500,000 visitors come to visit the museum in the whole year. 20,100 kinds/sets of books had been published throughout 2014 and including 12,200 new books and the total amount of price is 3.785 billion yuan. The total impression of newspaper is 921 million copies and the total amount of price is 902 million yuan. The total impression of periodicals is 98 million copies and the total amount price is 594 million yuan. And the broadcast coverage of the population is 98.62%; the television coverage of the population is 98.75%. The number of users of cable broadcasting and television is 5,748,000 and the number of the users of digital television is 5,129,000.

    Errenzhuan  “Errenzhuan” is known as “Bengbeng” or “Stick Drama”, it is evolved from Northeast Yangko, Northeast folk song and Lian Hua Lao, and has a history of 200 years in Jilin province. The way of singing Errenzhuan is visualized as “nine tunes, eighteen tones and seventy two haihai” (there are many different ways of singing Errenzhuan) and Errenzhuan is very popular among people. In the private sector, there is a saying that “I would rather go to watch Errenzhuan than eat”. The main forms of Errenzhuan are “Monodrama”, “Errenzhuan” and “Song-and-dance Duet”. In recent years, Jilin Errenzhuan has focused on the exploitation from northeast folk language and it has formed vivid, intense, simple and humorous language features and analogical expressions and attractive comedy style. In recent years, the folk art organizations dominated by Changchun Peace Theater, Northeast Theater and Liu Laogen Grand Stage have cultivated many artists and produced many tracks of “Errenzhuan”. Errenzhuan is performed every night and it had a full house for every performance and it tends to sweep the whole country.

"Jilin TV play phenomenon"

Since the new era, Jilin TV series have emerged suddenly as a new force and made remarkable achievements with a lot of good works. "Field of Hope", "Beautiful Field", "Holy Lake", "Urban Stranger", "Chashu Ling", "Never Set You Free", "Traffic Police", “Field Forever”, “Anyway, We Are Family”, “On the Sunny Way”, and “My house is at the Foot of Changbai Mountain” which were “made in Jilin” have been broadcasted in prime-time of CCTV 1. The TV plays with distinct epoch theme and rich region characteristics have shaped many attractive art images of black soil, and then made a wide influence throughout the nation. Therefore they obtained the honor bestowed by the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the CPC and the State Administration of radio and television, reputed as “ Jilin TV play phenomenon”.

Sports 

    Sports in Jilin Province develop vigorously with outstanding advantages on winter sports. Over many years, there have been advantageous programs including short-track speed skating, figure skating, free style skiing, table tennis, archery, boxing, wrestling, weightlifting, and cycling. Jilin Province has successfully held the sixth Asian Winter Games and the twelfth National Winter Games.

    In 2014, Jilin province obtained 80 gold medals, 93 silver medals and 87 bronze medals from the international and domestic major sports tournaments; trained, verified and approved13,083 social sports instructors, including 200 national-level instructors, 602 first-tier instructors, 4,475 second-tier instructors and 7,806 third-tier instructors. The "five one-good project" has totally funded five public fitness centers, two gymnasiums, four stadiums, 15 sports parks (fitness plazas) and equipped public fitness facilities for 100 towns (including streets) and 1,071 administrative villages (including communities); created one adolescent outdoor sports camp and 10 adolescent sports clubs.

    In recent years, great breakthroughs have been made in athletic sports in Jilin Province. In the 29th Olympic Games held in Beijing in 2008, Wang Hao from Jilin province won the Table Tennis Team Championship, breaking the record of Jilin getting zero gold medal in Olympic Games. In the 21st Olympic Winter Games held in Vancouver in 2010, Zhou Yang from Jilin Province won the Olympic Games women's 1,500-metre short-track gold, and this was the first gold medal of China in this sport, rewriting the history that China could get only two gold medals in one Olympic Winter Games. In the 30th Olympic Games held in London in 2012, athletes from Jilin province won 1 gold medal, 4 silver medals and 2 bronze medals in total, and broke the world record twice. They gained the reputation for China and made the best performance of Jilin athletes in Olympic Games. In the 22th Olympic Winter Games held in Sochi in 2014, Li Jianrou from Jilin province won the women’s 500-meter short-track championship, Han Tianyu won the second place in the men’s 1,500-meter short-track speed skating, which was the first gold medal and the first medal of China in this Olympic Winter Games separately. The famous athlete from Jilin province, Zhou Yang defended the women’s 1,500-meter short-track speed skating championship.

Health care  

   The medical care and sanitary standards in Jilin province have been greatly improved. The average life expectancy now is lifted to 73.9 from 39 before the founding of the PRC.

    By the end of 2014, there have been154,000 health technical staff, including 63,200 practicing physicians and practicing assistant physicians and 57,400 registered nurses. Hospitals and health centers have had 131,900 medical beds. There have been 773 town-level hospitals with 18,000 beds and 19,300 hygienic technical staff. All counties (cities, districts and development zones) in the province have implemented the new rural cooperative medical system (NRCMS) with a coverage rate of 100%. There have been 13.2143 million farmers participating in NRCMS with a participation rate of 99.56%; annually raised capital hit RMB 5.478 billion, disposable fund for NRCMS hit RMB 4.205 billion, and NRCMS has benefited people for 6.7424 million person times and paid compensation fund of RMB 4.853 billion, accounting for 96.66% of total NRCMS-raised fund. The number of annually reported notifiable infectious diseases cases hit 82,558 and reported death cases hit 158; the reported incidence rate of notifiable infectious diseases was 300/100,000 and the reported mortality rate was 0.57/100,000. The maternal mortality rate was25.73/100,000; the infant mortality rate was 4.68‰. The penetration rate of rural sanitary latrines reached 76.56%.

    Preliminary achievements have been made in the pharmaceutical and health care system in Jilin province. The basic health insurance for urban residents and the subsidy of the government on the new rural cooperative medical system has been increased to 280 yuan per person per year. The national basic medicinal system is implemented comprehensively.

Press and Publication, Radio, Film and Television

    More and more quality books, newspapers and periodicals have been published in the Jilin province. The share of consumer books ranks the second in the national market. “Jilin journal phenomenon” has caught more attention. The academic citation data of the natural science academic journals of Jilin Province,9 ranks No.1 among similar journals nationwide, 28 ranks top 5, and 51 rank top 10. As to the social science journals of the province, one ranks No.1 among similar journals nationwide,10 rank top 5 and 21 rank top 10. Three book publishing companies including Jilin Publishing Group Co,. Ltd., Changchun Publishing House and Jilin Fine Arts Press have been named the national top hundred excellent book publishing units. With the investment of 6 billion yuan Changchun cultural printing industry development zone is being built into the largest printing industry base in Northeast Asia.

    Jilin TV Station has set up 9 programs and Jilin People’s Radio has set up 7 radio programs. The comprehensive influence expend. The broadcast coverage of the population across the province is 98.26% and the television coverage is 98.48%. 2.94 million people in the Jilin province has the cable television including 1.65 million people with the digital TV.

   “Jilin TV play phenomenon” is famous in China. In recent years, Jilin series emerged suddenly and made remarkable achievements in China. The TV series “Field of Hope”, “Beautiful Field”, “Holy Lake”, “Urban Stranger”, “Chashu Ling”, “Never Set You Free ”, “Traffic Police” and others have broadcast in CCTV-1 prime-time. Many black oil artistic images are created by Jilin TV play. These TV series have obtained the recognition of Central Propaganda Department and National Broadcasting Bureau for many times. That is called “Jilin TV play phenomenon”.

    The publishing book is 20.1 thousand sets in the 2014, including 12.2 thousand new books and the total value is 3.785 billion yuan. 0.921 billion copies of the newspapers are printed in the whole year and the total value is 0.902 billion yuan.98 million periodicals are printed in the whole year and the total value is 0.594 billion yuan. The broadcast coverage is 98.62% and the TV coverage is 98.75%.The cable TV users are 5.748 million including the 5.129 digital TV users.

Press and Publication, Radio, Film and Television

    More and more quality books, newspapers and periodicals have been published in the Jilin province. The share of consumer books ranks the second in the national market. “Jilin journal phenomenon” has caught more attention. The academic citation data of the natural science academic journals of Jilin Province,9 ranks No.1 among similar journals nationwide, 28 ranks top 5, and 51 rank top 10. As to the social science journals of the province, one ranks No.1 among similar journals nationwide,10 rank top 5 and 21 rank top 10. Three book publishing companies including Jilin Publishing Group Co,. Ltd., Changchun Publishing House and Jilin Fine Arts Press have been named the national top hundred excellent book publishing units. With the investment of 6 billion yuan Changchun cultural printing industry development zone is being built into the largest printing industry base in Northeast Asia.

    Jilin TV Station has set up 9 programs and Jilin People’s Radio has set up 7 radio programs. The comprehensive influence expend. The broadcast coverage of the population across the province is 98.26% and the television coverage is 98.48%. 2.94 million people in the Jilin province has the cable television including 1.65 million people with the digital TV.

   “Jilin TV play phenomenon” is famous in China. In recent years, Jilin series emerged suddenly and made remarkable achievements in China. The TV series “Field of Hope”, “Beautiful Field”, “Holy Lake”, “Urban Stranger”, “Chashu Ling”, “Never Set You Free ”, “Traffic Police” and others have broadcast in CCTV-1 prime-time. Many black oil artistic images are created by Jilin TV play. These TV series have obtained the recognition of Central Propaganda Department and National Broadcasting Bureau for many times. That is called “Jilin TV play phenomenon”.

    The publishing book is 20.1 thousand sets in the 2014, including 12.2 thousand new books and the total value is 3.785 billion yuan. 0.921 billion copies of the newspapers are printed in the whole year and the total value is 0.902 billion yuan.98 million periodicals are printed in the whole year and the total value is 0.594 billion yuan. The broadcast coverage is 98.62% and the TV coverage is 98.75%.The cable TV users are 5.748 million including the 5.129 digital TV users.

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