Survey of Jilin Province

Located on the vast and rich hinder land of Northeast China Plain, Jilin Province, boasting time-honored history, is a blessed land and home to generations of great people.

The spectacular and mysterious Changbai Mountain, roaring Songhua River and the fertile expanse of black soil have endowed Jilin Province with graceful ecological environment and rich natural resources. With unique landscape of the Northeast China and various yet splendid history and cultures, the richly endowed land of Jilin has always been an enchanting destination.
It has been 362 years since 1653 (the 10th year of the reign of Empire Shunzhi of Qing Dynasty) when the government of Qing Dynasty established the administration of Ningguta with Angbangzhangjing as its Great Governor. The wheel of history has never stopped in the past 362 years during which Jilin people have experienced arduous twists and turns. In the process of exploring frontiers and defending territory against invaders, they fought for survival, emancipation, development and prosperity, presenting colorful pictures of vigorous history on the rich plain nurtured by the Changbai Mountain and Songhua River.
Jilin Province is also called Ji for short. Located in the central part of the northeast China, Jilin Province accounts for 2% in three aspects: covering 187.4 thousand square kilometers, its land accounts for 1.95% of the country’s territory; it has a population of 27.5128 million people, 2.03% of the country’s population; the GDP in 2014 totaled 1.380381 trillion Yuan, 2.16% of the total GDP. Under its jurisdiction, there are one sub-provincial level city, seven county-level cities, Yanbian Korean Autonomous prefecture, Changbai Mountain Management Committee and 60 towns (cities, districts). The urbanization rate is 54.2%. Changchun is the capital city.
The features of Jilin Province can be concluded as One Center, Two Bases and Three Advantages.
One Center- Jilin Province is located in the geographical center of the Northeast Asia which includes the northeast part of China, DPRK, ROK, Japan, Mongolia and the eastern part of West Siberia of Russia. With the favorable position for promoting Northeast Asia cooperation, it plays an important role in the international cooperative development of the Tumen River area, which is championed by the UNDP.
Two bases--Jilin Province is China’s important industrial base and base of commercial grain production. With relatively developed processing and manufacturing industry, Jilin Province has automobile industry, petrochemical industry and industry of agricultural processing as its three pilot industries, and pharmaceutical, optoelectronics as its competitive industries. Located in the world-renowned Golden Corn Belt and boasting the well known Black Soil, Jilin Province is endowed with conditions favorable for agriculture production. For many years, Jilin Province has been leading the country in terms of commercial rate of grain, per capita share of grain and per capita share of meat.
Three advantages- Jilin Province has relative strength in science, technology and education, ecological environment and important resources. It ranks the first place in the country in regard of the proportion of scientists, engineers and university students every ten thousand people. The gross enrollment rate in higher level education is 48%. It has 44 natural reserves, covering 12.96% of the provincial territory. With the forest coverage of 43.8%, of which the coverage for the eastern part is above 70%, making it a trial province for ecological construction. Jilin Province is rich in mineral resources. It has the largest reserves of oil shale, wollastonite and volcanic cinder in the country and great potential for exploration.
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